1PL : (LOGISTICS)
Logistics handled internally by a company
For Example :
A manufacturer that owns warehouses for storage and trucks that deliver products to customers
2PL : (LOGISTICS)
Basic domestic and international transport and warehouse management logistics handled for a company by an outside contractor
3PL : (LOGISTICS)
The integration and management of all logistics services of a complex supply chain
Also, to be the sole point of contact between a customer and its array of logistics and information service providers
This includes storage, transshipment and other value-added services as well as the services of subcontractors.
These are typically complex service chains.
4PL : (LOGISTICS)
A logistics term coined and trademarked by Anderson Consulting (now Accenture) in 1996
There is controversy in the logistics industry regarding this term. According to Accenture, 4PL is an integrator that assembles the resources, capabilities and technology of its own organization and other organizations to design, build and run comprehensive supply chain solutions.
For some 4PL is simply 3PL with a trademark attached.
The more generally accepted use of the term is that 4PL is 3PL with significant inputs of technological services.
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