Abstract Nouns

Abstract Nouns :

Nouns may be broadly divided into (a) Common Nouns and (b) Proper Nouns.

Common nouns are the names given in common to all persons, places or things of the same class.

Proper nouns are the names of particular person, places or things.

For example, compare the nouns MAN and MOHAN. The noun MAN is the name that one shares with a whole class of men. But the noun MOHAN is the name of a particular man. So we call MAN a common noun and MOHAN a proper noun.

Similarly, girl, month, city, country are common nouns, while May, April, Madras, India are proper nouns. Note that proper nouns begin with a capital letter.

Common nouns include another clsss known as Collective Nouns.

A COLLECTIVE NOUN names a group (or collection) of people, animals or things regarded as a whole.

Crowd - a group of people

Army - a group of soldiers

Flock - a group of sheep

Fleet - a group of ships

Some grammarians treat collective nouns as a separate class from common nouns.

Nouns can also be divided into Concrete Nouns and Abstract Nouns.

Look at the following.

A : Table, house, lion, man

B : Beauty, darkness, bravery, fredom

Nouns under A are concrete nouns, while those unders B are abstract nouns.

We can touch and see a tabel, a house, a lion, a man. They are concrete things.

We cannot touch or see beauty, darkness, bravery, freedom. Abstract nouns refer to feelings, ideas or qualities.

Concrete nouns and abstract nouns may be treated as subdivisions of common nouns. In some grammars they are referred to as separate classes.

The most usedul calssification of nouns is whether they are countable nouns or uncountable nouns. Compare the nouns cup, bag, pan, house with the ones millk, sugar, ink and gold.

We can count pens cups, bags, pens, houses. We say ONE CUP, TWO BAGS, FIVE PENS, MANY HOUSES.

But, we cannot count milk, sugar, ink, gold.


Nound like bag, pen and house are Countable Nouns (or countables).

Nouns like milk, sugar, ink and gold are Uncountable Nouns (or uncountables).

Here is a summary of the kinds of nouns.

1. Common Nouns

2. Proper Nouns

3. Collective Nouns

4. Concrete Nouns

5. Abstract Nouns

6. Countbales

7. Uncountables

Business English Index

Business English Exercises Index

Abstract Nouns

Letter Asking A Donation
Letter Asking A Favor
Letter Asking for More Details
Letter Asking for Donations
Letter Denying of Dealership
Letter for Change of Address
Letter for Distributorship
Letter for Employment
Letter for Hotel Reservation
Letter for Letter of Credit
Letter for Line of Credit
Letter for Product Launch
Letter for Promotion
Letter for Retirement Congrats
Letter for Scholarship
Letter for Settlement of Bill
Letter for Tender
Letter for Testimonial
Letter of Agreement
Letter of Assurance
Letter of Credit
Letter of Enquiry
Letter of Order
Letter of Persuasion
Letter of Sympathy
Letter Offering Discount
Letter Related to Advertisement
Letter Related to Despatch
Letter Related to Training
Letter to A Foreign Buyer
Letter to Pen-Friend
Letter to Police
Letter with Order
Letter with Quotation
Letter Writing
Letters about Company Shares
Letters by Clubs and Societies
Letters by Landlords & Tenants
Letters for Appointment of Dealers
Letters for Business Relations
Letters for Buying and Selling
Letters for Credit & Collection
Letters for Foreign Travel
Letters for Lease & Tenancy
Letters for Loan & Borrowing
Letters for Transfer & Assignment
Letters for Insurance
Letters Noting Discrepancy
Letters of Condolence & Sorrow
Letters of Regret
Letters Regarding Maintenance
Letters Regarding Payment
Letters Related to Employees
Letters to Local Corporation
Letters to Postal Authorities
Letters to The Editor
Letters Used in Real Estate
Letters With Postal Department
Letters With Railways Authorities

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