Active Voice and Passive Voice



Active Voice and Passive Voice :





Active Voice and Passive Voice :


A verb in a sentence is in active voice if the subject is active.


Sita sang a song.


In this sentence SITA - the subject of the verb SANG - is active.


Therefore the verb is in the active voice.


If the subject is not active or if it is passive then the verb is passive.


A song was sung by Sita.


Here the subject SONG is not active. So the voice is passive.


Only transitive verbs can be changed into passive voice and vice verb.


Rules for Change of Active Voice into Passive Voice :
  1. The subject in the active voice becomes the object in the passive voice.



  2. The objective in the active voice becomes the subject in the passive voice.



  3. The meaning of the sentence does not change in the other voice.



  4. The tense of the verb also does not change.



  5. Preposition BY is used in the passive voice to give complete sense to the sentence.



  6. Care must be taken to change the voice without changing the tense of the verbs given and taking into consideration singular and plural subjects and objects.



Examples for Active Voice into Passive Voice :


  1. Boys are learning grammar.


    Grammar is being learnt by boys.



  2. James ate many cakes.


    Many cakes were eaten by James.



  3. He will finish the job in fortnight.


    The job will be finished by him in a fortnight.







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