Active Voice and Passive Voice

Active Voice and Passive Voice :

Active Voice and Passive Voice :

A verb in a sentence is in active voice if the subject is active.

Sita sang a song.

In this sentence SITA - the subject of the verb SANG - is active.

Therefore the verb is in the active voice.

If the subject is not active or if it is passive then the verb is passive.

A song was sung by Sita.

Here the subject SONG is not active. So the voice is passive.

Only transitive verbs can be changed into passive voice and vice verb.

Rules for Change of Active Voice into Passive Voice :
  1. The subject in the active voice becomes the object in the passive voice.

  2. The objective in the active voice becomes the subject in the passive voice.

  3. The meaning of the sentence does not change in the other voice.

  4. The tense of the verb also does not change.

  5. Preposition BY is used in the passive voice to give complete sense to the sentence.

  6. Care must be taken to change the voice without changing the tense of the verbs given and taking into consideration singular and plural subjects and objects.

Examples for Active Voice into Passive Voice :

  1. Boys are learning grammar.

    Grammar is being learnt by boys.

  2. James ate many cakes.

    Many cakes were eaten by James.

  3. He will finish the job in fortnight.

    The job will be finished by him in a fortnight.

Business English Index

Business English Exercises Index

Active Voice and Passive Voice

Letter Asking A Donation
Letter Asking A Favor
Letter Asking for More Details
Letter Asking for Donations
Letter Denying of Dealership
Letter for Change of Address
Letter for Distributorship
Letter for Employment
Letter for Hotel Reservation
Letter for Letter of Credit
Letter for Line of Credit
Letter for Product Launch
Letter for Promotion
Letter for Retirement Congrats
Letter for Scholarship
Letter for Settlement of Bill
Letter for Tender
Letter for Testimonial
Letter of Agreement
Letter of Assurance
Letter of Credit
Letter of Enquiry
Letter of Order
Letter of Persuasion
Letter of Sympathy
Letter Offering Discount
Letter Related to Advertisement
Letter Related to Despatch
Letter Related to Training
Letter to A Foreign Buyer
Letter to Pen-Friend
Letter to Police
Letter with Order
Letter with Quotation
Letter Writing
Letters about Company Shares
Letters by Clubs and Societies
Letters by Landlords & Tenants
Letters for Appointment of Dealers
Letters for Business Relations
Letters for Buying and Selling
Letters for Credit & Collection
Letters for Foreign Travel
Letters for Lease & Tenancy
Letters for Loan & Borrowing
Letters for Transfer & Assignment
Letters for Insurance
Letters Noting Discrepancy
Letters of Condolence & Sorrow
Letters of Regret
Letters Regarding Maintenance
Letters Regarding Payment
Letters Related to Employees
Letters to Local Corporation
Letters to Postal Authorities
Letters to The Editor
Letters Used in Real Estate
Letters With Postal Department
Letters With Railways Authorities

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