Common Suffixes



Common Suffixes :




able : this implies ability to be, to do or to have; so we can have understand and understandable; employ and employable.



ance :this denotes (means) a state; so we have clear and clearance; repent and repentance.



ant :this denotes a state; so we have depend and dependant; repent and repentant.



ed :this shows that something has already happened, in the past; so we have work and worked; employ and employed. (Remember that words ending in e add only d; thus manage and managed.)



er : (1) this either denotes the doer of something; so we have sing and singer; play and player. (By using ers, we show plurals; thus fight, fighter, fighters.)



er : (2) this takes the place of the word more; so we have brighter instead of more bright; higher instead of more high. (Words which end in e add only r; thus: larger instead of more large.)



ese :this means belonging to or associated with; so we have Japan and Japanese; Nepal and Nepalese.



ess :this makes the feminine form of a male person or animal; so we have prince and princess; steward and stewardess.



est :this takes the place of the word most; so we have lightest instead of most light; shortest instead of most short. (Words which end in e add only st; thus: bluest instead of most blue.)



ful :this means full of; and the addition of the suffix creates adjectives which describe nouns so we have joy and joyful; truth and truthful - for example “He is a truthful boy.”



fully :this means full of; and the addition of the suffix creates adverbs which describe verbs and actions so we have joy and joyfully; truth and truthfully - for example “He answered truthfully.”



fy :this means to make; so we have class and classify; simple and simplify.



ible :this implies the same as the suffix able; so we have sense and sensible; horrid and horrible. (Note: eat and edible or eatable.)



ing :this implies that something is, was or will be happening; so we have working and working; sell and selling.



ic :this shows a connection; so we have Arab and Arabic.



ise :this means to make; so we have familiar and familiarise; public and publicise. (Note: an alternative to ise is the American spelling ize, for example familiarize and publicize).



ish :this shows some quality or connection; so we have hot and hotish, late and latish. Also the people and language of Sweden are Swedish, of Turkey is Turkish.



ist :this implies a doer; so we have art and artist; journal and journalist. (By using ists we show plurals; thus: type, typist, typists).



less :this implies being free from, or having none; so we have time and timeless; fault and faultless.



ly :this denotes a state; so we have slow and slowly; cost and costly.



n :this shows a connection or association; so we have India and Indian, America and American.



ness :this denotes a state; so we have neat and neatness; tired and tiredness.



or :this denotes a doer; so we have invest and investor; sail and sailor. (By using ors we show plurals; thus: credit, creditor, creditors.)



ship :this denotes a state; so we have trainee and traineeship; apprentice and apprenticeship. (By using ships we show plurals; thus: sponsor, sponsorship, sponsorships.)



This list does not contain all the possible suffixes. Some suffixes change a word from one type to another, such as quick (an adjective) and quickly (an adverb)





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