Finite Verbs and Non-Finite Verbs

Finite Verbs and Non-Finite Verbs :

Study the following sentnces.

I sing.

He sings.

They sing.

We have used the verb SING with I, SINGS with he and SING with they.

The form of the verb sing has changed according to its subject.

You will find in the following sentences three different forms of BE.

I am a teacher.

He is a good pupil.

They are my siiter.

The form AM is used with the first person singular I.

The forms IS is used with the third person singular HE.

The form ARE is used with the third person they.

The word finite means LIMITED.

A finite verb is limited by its subject.

It agrees with its subject in number and person.

A finite verb is also limited by its tense.

Look at the following sentences.

He sings. (Present tense)

He sang. (Past tense)

The verb form has changed according to the tense.

To sum up, a finite verb is one which can show number, person and tense.

It has a subject.

Consider the following sentences.

He likes singing.

They want to sing.

The verb forms SINGING and TO SING have no subjects. Such forms cannot have subjects. We do NOT say HE SINGING and THEY TO SING.

Verbs forms such as these are called non-finite verbs or non-finites.

The basic difference between the two forms is.

A finite verb is a verb with a subject.

A non-fintie verb has no subject.

There are four kinds of non-finites.

1. Infinitive with or without to (to be, be)

2. Present Participle (being)

3. Gerund (being)

4. Past Partiple (been)

As you may have noticed, the present participle and the gerund have the same form (being) the present participle helps to make a continuous tense (I am reading) or does the work of an adjective while the gerund does the work of a noun. It would be sometimes difficult to differentiate between the present participle and the gerund. Some grammarians avoid these terms and use the term ING form for both cases.

Examples of non-finites :

The boys began to cry. (Infinitive with to)

You may go. (Infinitive wthout t plain infinitive)

They are playing hockey. (Present particple in form)

I dislike seeing films. (Gerund)

Who has taken my pen? (Past particple)

Business English Index

Business English Exercises Index

Finite Verbs and Non-Finite Verbs

Letter Asking A Donation
Letter Asking A Favor
Letter Asking for More Details
Letter Asking for Donations
Letter Denying of Dealership
Letter for Change of Address
Letter for Distributorship
Letter for Employment
Letter for Hotel Reservation
Letter for Letter of Credit
Letter for Line of Credit
Letter for Product Launch
Letter for Promotion
Letter for Retirement Congrats
Letter for Scholarship
Letter for Settlement of Bill
Letter for Tender
Letter for Testimonial
Letter of Agreement
Letter of Assurance
Letter of Credit
Letter of Enquiry
Letter of Order
Letter of Persuasion
Letter of Sympathy
Letter Offering Discount
Letter Related to Advertisement
Letter Related to Despatch
Letter Related to Training
Letter to A Foreign Buyer
Letter to Pen-Friend
Letter to Police
Letter with Order
Letter with Quotation
Letter Writing
Letters about Company Shares
Letters by Clubs and Societies
Letters by Landlords & Tenants
Letters for Appointment of Dealers
Letters for Business Relations
Letters for Buying and Selling
Letters for Credit & Collection
Letters for Foreign Travel
Letters for Lease & Tenancy
Letters for Loan & Borrowing
Letters for Transfer & Assignment
Letters for Insurance
Letters Noting Discrepancy
Letters of Condolence & Sorrow
Letters of Regret
Letters Regarding Maintenance
Letters Regarding Payment
Letters Related to Employees
Letters to Local Corporation
Letters to Postal Authorities
Letters to The Editor
Letters Used in Real Estate
Letters With Postal Department
Letters With Railways Authorities

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