Formation of Question Tags :
It is a usual practice in conversatin to make a statement and ask the listener if he agres with it.
It’s very hot. Isn’t it?
The speaker thinks it is very hot, but wants to make sure by asking.
The latter part ISN’T IT? is called a question tag.
In most languages the question tag is a fixed phrase. But in English different question tags are used in different contexts. The form of the question tag should be in agreement with the subject and the verb in the statements.
Study the question tags in the sentences below.
It’s fine, isn’tit?
He is your cusin. Isn’t he?
Ramesh has come. Hasn’t he?
Your sister can sing well. Can’t she?
You smoke. Don’t you?
Tom smokes. Doesn’t he?
He arrived last night. Didn’t he?
They haven’t agreed. Have they?
Padma doesn’t know Hindi. Does she?
I needn’t come again. Need I?
You didn’t attend the party. Did you?
This novel isn’t interesting. Isn’t it?
You must have noticed the following points from your study of these exmapels.
(a) The subject of the statement is repeated in the question tag. If it is noun, it is repeated in its pronoun form.
(b) If ther is a special verb in the statement, it is repeated in the question tag.
(c) If there is not special verb. Do/does/did is ued in the queston tag.
(d) Unless the statement is negative, N’T is usually added to the verb in the question tag.
Thus we have the following question tag patterns.
(i) Special verb + n’t + pronoun (for affirmative statements)
(ii) Special verb + pronoun (for negative statements)
Am + n’t I ---------Are n’t I?
I’m taller than you. Aren’t I?
After suggestions with let’s, we use shall we.
Let’s meet him. Shall we?
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