Formation of Questions



Formation of Questions :





Questions are of two kinds.

(a) YES - NO question…. that is…. question which can be answered by YES or NO.

(b) Questions which begin with who, whom, whose, which, what, where, when, how or why. We call the latter type WH-questions.

YES - NO questios begin with a speicla verb. The special verb, which usually comes after the subject in statements is placed before the subject in YES - NO questions.

She is Anil’s sister. --------------Do you live here?

He lives here.---------------- ----Does he live here?

They lived here.-----------------Did they live here?

In WH-questions, as in YES-NO questions, a special verb is put before the subject.

But there is an exception.

Whe the subject is who, what, which, whose, or what/which/whose + noun, the position of the verb does not change.

The verb is placed after the subject as in a statement.

1. Where is my umbrella?

2. Why are you standing here?

3. What does she want?

4. When did you buy this watch?

5. Which pen will you buy?

6. Who wil come with me?

7. Which pen is yours?

In sentences 1-5 a special verb is placed before the subject. In sentnces 6 and 7the verb follows the subject (as in statements), because the question words WHO (in 6) and WHICH PEN (in 7) are subjects.

Compare sentnces 5 and 7. Both of them begin with WHICH PEN.

In sentence 5, WHICH PEN is the object of the verb.

In sentence 7 it is the subject. Therefore, in sentence 5 the special verb WILL comes before the subject YOU while in sentence 7 the special verb IS comes after the subject WHICH PEN.

You may find it particularly difficult to form wh-questions. If you adopt the following method you will be able to form questions without much difficulty.

(i) First, write down the word in the statrment form like this.

You will got to Delhi when.

(ii) Remove the questions word in the above form and place it before the subject, i.e. at the beginning of the sentence.

When you will go to Delhi

(iii) Now change the position of the special verb put it immedialtey before the subject, i.e. between the question word and the subject.

When wil you go to Delhi.

(If there is no special verb in the orginal form of the sentence, introduce do / does / did.)

(iv) Make suitable changes in the use of the canpitals and put a question mark at the end of the sentence.

When wil you go to Delhi?

Here is another example. In this sentence do/does / did should be introduced. Only the forms are given. Refer to the notes above, where necessary.

(i) You met her where.

(ii) Where you met her.

(iii) Where did you meet her (met---did meet)

(iv) Where did you meet her?

Questions of the kind where the subject is a question word are easy to form. Because they have the normal word order (i.e. subject+verb)

Who has put the bag here?

Whose book is lost?






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