Formation of Questions

Formation of Questions :

Questions are of two kinds.

(a) YES - NO question…. that is…. question which can be answered by YES or NO.

(b) Questions which begin with who, whom, whose, which, what, where, when, how or why. We call the latter type WH-questions.

YES - NO questios begin with a speicla verb. The special verb, which usually comes after the subject in statements is placed before the subject in YES - NO questions.

She is Anil’s sister. --------------Do you live here?

He lives here.---------------- ----Does he live here?

They lived here.-----------------Did they live here?

In WH-questions, as in YES-NO questions, a special verb is put before the subject.

But there is an exception.

Whe the subject is who, what, which, whose, or what/which/whose + noun, the position of the verb does not change.

The verb is placed after the subject as in a statement.

1. Where is my umbrella?

2. Why are you standing here?

3. What does she want?

4. When did you buy this watch?

5. Which pen will you buy?

6. Who wil come with me?

7. Which pen is yours?

In sentences 1-5 a special verb is placed before the subject. In sentnces 6 and 7the verb follows the subject (as in statements), because the question words WHO (in 6) and WHICH PEN (in 7) are subjects.

Compare sentnces 5 and 7. Both of them begin with WHICH PEN.

In sentence 5, WHICH PEN is the object of the verb.

In sentence 7 it is the subject. Therefore, in sentence 5 the special verb WILL comes before the subject YOU while in sentence 7 the special verb IS comes after the subject WHICH PEN.

You may find it particularly difficult to form wh-questions. If you adopt the following method you will be able to form questions without much difficulty.

(i) First, write down the word in the statrment form like this.

You will got to Delhi when.

(ii) Remove the questions word in the above form and place it before the subject, i.e. at the beginning of the sentence.

When you will go to Delhi

(iii) Now change the position of the special verb put it immedialtey before the subject, i.e. between the question word and the subject.

When wil you go to Delhi.

(If there is no special verb in the orginal form of the sentence, introduce do / does / did.)

(iv) Make suitable changes in the use of the canpitals and put a question mark at the end of the sentence.

When wil you go to Delhi?

Here is another example. In this sentence do/does / did should be introduced. Only the forms are given. Refer to the notes above, where necessary.

(i) You met her where.

(ii) Where you met her.

(iii) Where did you meet her (met---did meet)

(iv) Where did you meet her?

Questions of the kind where the subject is a question word are easy to form. Because they have the normal word order (i.e. subject+verb)

Who has put the bag here?

Whose book is lost?

Business English Index

Business English Exercises Index

Formation of Questions

Letter Asking A Donation
Letter Asking A Favor
Letter Asking for More Details
Letter Asking for Donations
Letter Denying of Dealership
Letter for Change of Address
Letter for Distributorship
Letter for Employment
Letter for Hotel Reservation
Letter for Letter of Credit
Letter for Line of Credit
Letter for Product Launch
Letter for Promotion
Letter for Retirement Congrats
Letter for Scholarship
Letter for Settlement of Bill
Letter for Tender
Letter for Testimonial
Letter of Agreement
Letter of Assurance
Letter of Credit
Letter of Enquiry
Letter of Order
Letter of Persuasion
Letter of Sympathy
Letter Offering Discount
Letter Related to Advertisement
Letter Related to Despatch
Letter Related to Training
Letter to A Foreign Buyer
Letter to Pen-Friend
Letter to Police
Letter with Order
Letter with Quotation
Letter Writing
Letters about Company Shares
Letters by Clubs and Societies
Letters by Landlords & Tenants
Letters for Appointment of Dealers
Letters for Business Relations
Letters for Buying and Selling
Letters for Credit & Collection
Letters for Foreign Travel
Letters for Lease & Tenancy
Letters for Loan & Borrowing
Letters for Transfer & Assignment
Letters for Insurance
Letters Noting Discrepancy
Letters of Condolence & Sorrow
Letters of Regret
Letters Regarding Maintenance
Letters Regarding Payment
Letters Related to Employees
Letters to Local Corporation
Letters to Postal Authorities
Letters to The Editor
Letters Used in Real Estate
Letters With Postal Department
Letters With Railways Authorities

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