A gerund is that form of the verb which ends ING and has the force of a noun and a verb.
The forms of the verb are the same as that of the preset participle.
A gerund is a kind of noun whereas a particle is a kind of adjective hence we can say gerund is a verbal noun but the participle is an adjective.
Examples of Gerund :
Walking is a good exercise.
Writing is an art.
Smoking is prohibited.
Smiling is the cure.
Punishing the students for these kinds of offences will not give results.
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