1. Supercomputer is the fastest type of computer.
2. Supercomputers are very expensive and are employed for specialized applications that require immense amounts of mathematical calculations.
3. The uses of supercomputers include animated graphics, fluid dynamic calculations, nuclear energy research, and petroleum exploration.
4. The chief difference between a supercomputer and a mainframe is that a supercomputer channels all its power into executing a few programs as fast as possible, whereas a mainframe uses its power to execute many programs concurrently.
5. Supercomputers are used for highly calculation-intensive tasks such as problems including quantum physics, weather forecasting, climate research, oil and gas exploration, molecular modeling and physical simulations.
6. Since the end of the 20th century, supercomputer operating systems have undergone major transformations, as sea changes have taken place in supercomputer architecture.
7. The history of supercomputing goes back to the 1960s when a series of computers at Control Data Corporation (CDC) were designed by Seymour Cray to use innovative designs and parallelism to achieve superior computational peak performance.
8. The CDC 6600, released in 1964, is generally considered the first supercomputer.
9. Supercomputers generally aim for the maximum in capability computing rather than capacity computing.
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