What is Transitive Verb?

What is Transitive Verb? :

Look at the following.

Mohan took.

The cat killed.

They blamed.

These are incomplete sentences. So you do not understand them. You want to know WHAT Mohan took, WHAT the cat killed and WHOM they blamed.

The verbs TOOK and KILLED do not make sense without some words after them.

Here are compelte sentences.

Mohan took my pen.

The cat killed a mouse.

They blamed the boy.

Now the sentences make complete sense.

What did Mohan take? My pen

What did the cat kill? A mouse

Whom did they blame? The boy

My pen is the object of TOOK.

A mouse is the object of KILLED.

The boy is the object of BLAMED.

An object is a noun (or noun-like unit) that tells the persons or thing to which something is done.

You can find the object by putting WHAT or WHOM after the verb.

For example…. Mohan took my pen. The verb is TOOK. Put what after it - TOOK WHAT?

The answer is MY PEN. It is the object.

The verbs TOOK, KILLED and BLAMED in the above sentnces are called transitive verbs.

A transitive verb is one that takes an object.

There are certain verbs which do not have objects. Such verbs are called intrasitve verbs.

Anita came.

The mouse died.

He slept.

You cannot say “come what/whom?”, “died what/whom?” or “slept what?” the verbs CAME, DIED and SLEPT have no objects. They are intranitive verbs.

Note that some verbs can be used either transitively or intransitely.

The driver stopped the train. (Transitive)

The train stopped. (Intransitive)

He rang the bell. (Transitive)

The bell rang loudly. (Intransitive)

The boy broke the morror. (Transitive)

The mirror broke into pieces. (Intransitive)

The above intransitive verbs can form a predicate on their own. But certain verbs cannot form a predicate without the help of additional words.

The girl seems….

Abdul became….

Vijay is…

The predicates of the above word groups are incomplete. The verbs SEEMS, BECAME and IS require the help of other words to complete the sense of the predicates. But they do not require objects as transitive verbs do. Transitive verbs are ACTION VERBS. They tell us what their subject do. The verbs we are talking about at the moment are BEING verbs. They tell us what persons or things are. Yet they need the help of other words to form a predicate.

The girl seems sad.

Abdualb became a soldier.

Vijay is ill.

These additional words SAD, A SOLDIER and ILL are COMPLEMENTS.

The word (or phrase) that completes the predicate of a BEING verb is called THE COMPLEMENT.

Verbs of this type include be, become, seem, appear, look, etc.

Such verbs as these are sometimes called Link Verbs.

Business English Index

Business English Exercises Index

What is Transitive Verb?

Letter Asking A Donation
Letter Asking A Favor
Letter Asking for More Details
Letter Asking for Donations
Letter Denying of Dealership
Letter for Change of Address
Letter for Distributorship
Letter for Employment
Letter for Hotel Reservation
Letter for Letter of Credit
Letter for Line of Credit
Letter for Product Launch
Letter for Promotion
Letter for Retirement Congrats
Letter for Scholarship
Letter for Settlement of Bill
Letter for Tender
Letter for Testimonial
Letter of Agreement
Letter of Assurance
Letter of Credit
Letter of Enquiry
Letter of Order
Letter of Persuasion
Letter of Sympathy
Letter Offering Discount
Letter Related to Advertisement
Letter Related to Despatch
Letter Related to Training
Letter to A Foreign Buyer
Letter to Pen-Friend
Letter to Police
Letter with Order
Letter with Quotation
Letter Writing
Letters about Company Shares
Letters by Clubs and Societies
Letters by Landlords & Tenants
Letters for Appointment of Dealers
Letters for Business Relations
Letters for Buying and Selling
Letters for Credit & Collection
Letters for Foreign Travel
Letters for Lease & Tenancy
Letters for Loan & Borrowing
Letters for Transfer & Assignment
Letters for Insurance
Letters Noting Discrepancy
Letters of Condolence & Sorrow
Letters of Regret
Letters Regarding Maintenance
Letters Regarding Payment
Letters Related to Employees
Letters to Local Corporation
Letters to Postal Authorities
Letters to The Editor
Letters Used in Real Estate
Letters With Postal Department
Letters With Railways Authorities

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