What is an Adjective? :
What is a Noun? :
A noun is a naming word.
It names somebody or something.
Padma took the dog to the park.
In this sentence, PADMA is the noun.
The car makes a lot of noise.
In this sentence A CAR is the noun.
As in the above examples a noun is the name of a person (Padma), animal (dog), place (park), thing (car) or idea (noise).
A noun answers the question WHO IT IS? or WHAT IS IT?
If you wish to see if a word is noun, you may use such test frames as….
The _____________seemed nice.
His -----is good.
What is a Pronoun?
A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun.
Tom is absent. Because he is ill.
HE has been used in place of TOM.
So, the word HE is the pronoun.
Read this book. It is very useful.
IT has been used in place of book.
So, the word IT is the pronoun.
Where are the shoes? Bring them here.
The word THEM has been used in place of shoes.
So, the word THEM is the pronoun.
There are seven pronouns. He, she, it, they, you, we and I are those pronouns.
What is an Adjective?
An adjective is a word that adds to the meaning of a noun or pronoun).
ADJECTIVE says something about the noun or pronoun in the sentence.
You are a good boy.
What kind of a boy?
A good boy : GOOD is adjective here.
That book is mine.
Which book is mine?
That book : THAT is an adjective.
He has won several prizes.
How many prizes?
Several prizes : SEVERAL is an adjective.
In these sentences, the adjectives GOOD, THAT and SEVERAL say something about the nouns that follow them.
An adjective is sometimes separated from the noun or pronoun it refers to.
The apple is sweet.
The adjective SWEET referes to the noun APPLE.
He became rich.
The adjective RICH refers to the prononn HE.
The wise woman…. (WISE is adjective.)
The new house…(NEW is adjective.)
The old things….(OLD is adjective.)
He seems to be sad. (SAD is adjective.)
It seems to be tense. (TENSE is adjective.)
What is a Verb?
Verb is a doing word.
It usually expresses an action.
Adul walked quickly.
The cow eats grass.
I posted the letter.
A verb MAY also express being.
She is tired.
He became a doctor.
In thers sentces, IS and BECAME are not doing words.
They are being words.
To sum up, a verb tells what someone or something does or is.
Verbs fill such frames.
I go to market.
He paints a picture.
You may come.
They do this excersie.
What is an Adverb?
An adverb is a word thad adds to the meaning of a verb.
The gilr writes neatly.
In this sentence, the adverb NEATLY adds to the meaning of the verb WRITES by telling us how the action is done.
Fred speaks Englsih well.
In this sentence, the adverb WELL adds to the menaing of the verb SPEAKS in the same way.
The train stops here.
In this sentence, the addverb HERE tells us where the train STOPS.
Sometiems an adverb adds to the meaning of an adjective or another adverb.
Look at the adverbs QUITE and VERY in the following sentences.
You are quite right.
QUITE adds to the menaing of the adjective RIGHT.
He spoke very well.
VERY adds to the menaing of another adverb WELL.
What is a Preposition?
A preposition is a word placed before a noun or pronoun to show its relation to another word.
The book on the table is mine.
The preposition ON shows the relation of table to book.
The palace was full of visitors.
The preposition OF shows the relation of FULL to VISTIORS.
They were kind to me.
The prepositon to relates kind to me.
The commonest prepositions include : at, in, on, upon, of, from to, into, by, for, about, with, without, etc.
What is a Conjunction?
A conjuction is a joining word.
It joins words or groups of words.
Peter and Pratap are friends.
The conjunciton AND joins the Peter and Pratap.
Have you come by bus or by train?
The conjuciton OR joins the word groups by bus and by train.
I would like to go but I am busy.
The conjuciton BUT joins the word grousp I WOULD LIKE TO GO and I AM BUSY.
What is an Interjection?
An interjecton is a word that expresses some sudden feeling.
Hurray! We have won the match.
The interjeciton HURRAY is a shout of joy or welcome.
Bravo! Well hit.
The interjeciton BRAVO is used to express joy when somebody has done well.
Ah! I have hurt my foot.
AH! is a cry of pain, pity, surprise, joy, etc.
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