Capital Letters in Business Letters
Rule 1 — The first word of every sentence should begin with a capital letter.
Example : One's first duty is the one that lies nearest.
Rule 2 — The first word of every line of poetry should begin with a capital letter.
Example : For God hath marked each sorrowing day,
And numbered every secret tear. — Bryant.
Rule 3 — The first word of every direct quotation should begin with a capital letter.
Example : Pope says, "Hope dwells eternal in the human breast."
Rule 4 — The first word of every direct question should begin with a capital letter.
Example : Ask yourself this question. Are you making the most of your time?
Rule 5 — Every proper noun should begin with a capital letter.
Example : Martha, John Quincy Adams, New York.
Rule 6 — Adjectives derived from proper nouns should begin with capital letters.
Example : American from America, English from England, Christian from Christ.
Note : 1 — When, by long usage, adjectives have lost all associations with the nouns from which they are derived, they are not capitalized ; as, stentorian from Stentor, herculean from Hercules.
Note : 2 — The names of religious sects should begin with capital letters as, Protestants, Catholics, Methodists, Baptists.
Rule 7 — The words north, south, east and west should begin with capitals when they refer to sections of the country, but not when they refer simply to directions.
Examples : The journal is circulated throughout the South and the Southwest. The wind is from the west.
Rule 8 — The names of the days of the week and the months of the year should begin with capital letters.
Examples : Monday, Tuesday, September, December.
Note — The names of the seasons should not begin with capital letters as, fall, winter, spring, summer.
Rule 9 — The words street, lake, river, etc., should begin with capitals when used in connection with proper nouns.
Examples : Main Street, the Hudson River, Lake Como.
Rule 10 — Words representing important historical events and epochs of time should begin with capital letters.
Examples : The Middle Ages, The Revolution
Rule 11 — When used as a part of a name or applied to particular persons, titles of honor or office should begin with capital letters.
Example : The address was delivered by Senator Dolliver.
Rule 12 — In the titles of books and essays every noun, pronoun, adjective, verb and adverb should begin with a capital letter.
Example : I enjoyed reading "The Man without a Country."
Note — The articles (the, a or an) should be written with a capital only when used as the first word of a title.
Rule 13 — The words I and O should always be written with capital letters.
Rule 14 — The words Bible, Scriptures and all names of books of the Bible should begin with capital letters.
Rule 15 — All names of the Deity and personal pronouns referring to the Deity should begin with capital letters.
Example : God has given the land to man, but the sea….He has reserved to Himself.
Rule 16 — Common nouns, when vividly personified, should begin with capital letters.
Example : Come, gentle Spring
Capital Letters in Business Letters :
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