- shipping / logistics
A single rigid, sealed, reusable metal box in which merchandise is shipped by vessel, truck or rail.
(ISO definition) An item of equipment defined for trans¬port purposes. It must be...
a) of permanent character and accordingly strong enough to be suitable for repeated use
b) specially de¬signed to facilitate the carriage of goods, by one or more modes of transport without intermediate reloading
c) fit¬ted with devices permitting its ready handling, particularly from one mode of transport to another
d) so designed as to be easy to fill and empty
e) having an internal volume of lm x lm x lm or more. The term container includes neither vehicles nor conventional packing.
All containers have construction fittings, or fastenings able to withstand, without permanent distortion, all stresses that may be applied in normal service use of continuous transportation.
Ocean shipping containers are generally 10, 20, 30 or 40 feet (3.029, 6.058, 9.087 or 12.192m) long and 8 or 8.5 feet (2.423 or 2.575m) tall, and conform to International Standards Organization (ISO) standards. (40-foot contain¬ers are generally able to hold about 40,000 pounds or 18,000 kilos.) Ocean freight container types include: stan¬dard, high cube, hardtop, open top, flat, platform, venti¬lated, insulated, refrigerated and bulk (dry or wet).
Air freight containers (ULDs or unit load devices) come in a multitude of sizes and shapes to fit the unique require¬ments of airplane holds and conform to standards established by the International Airline Transport Association (IATA).
International Standards Organization; International Air Transport Association
Unit load device (ULD) and appendices for Ocean Freight Containers and Air Freight Containers
A storage area, other than a container yard, where shippers and consignees may pick up or drop oft empty containers. A container depot may not be owned or controlled by a shipper or its agent and may not receive loaded containers - container yard
Container Freight Charge
Charge made for the packing or unpacking of cargo into or from ocean freight containers
Container Freight Station
A carrier-designated facility at which (export) LCL (less than container load) cargo is received from con¬signors for consolidation and loading into containers or at which (import) LCL cargo is unloaded from containers and delivered to consignees.
A shipment of cargo that fills a given container either by bulk or maximum weight
Container Load Plan
(a) A list of items loaded in an individual ship¬ping container
(b) A list of the sequence in which items are to be loaded into a shipping container
(c) A plan for the physical placement of items in a shipping container
(d) A comprehensive list of items loaded into a shipping container including their weight, measurements, mark¬ings, consignors, consignees, countries of origin, countries of destination, and the physical location of items within the container.
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